The "Polish Operation" of the NKVD
Report on Marcela Reznikowa
Marcela Reznikova, née Kulakowska - born 8 March 1931 in Leningrad. After her father's arrest and execution in 1937, she was exiled indefinitely along with her mother to the town of Asht in the Tajik Socialist Soviet Republic.
Report on Leokadia Goliniewska
Leokadia Goliniewska – born 1927 or 1928 in Leningrad, where she attended a Polish school until its closure. Her father Jan was arrested in December 1937 and shot as a Polish spy. In spring 1942, together with her mother, she was evacuated from Leningrad under siege to Achinsk (Krasnoyarsk Krai); soon thereafter her mother died.
Report on Gajanna Odyniec
Born in Leningrad in October 1937, two months after her father was arrested. In 1943, she was evacuated from the besieged Leningrad together with her grandmother’s family, who were deported to Kazakhstan. Since 1989 she has been a member of the Memorial association of Saint Petersburg.
Report on Henryk Kozłowski
Henryk Kozłowski – born in August 1937 in Leningrad. In July 1938, after the arrest and execution of his father, he was exiled together with his mother to a labour camp in the town of Jaja in the Kemerovo Oblast, from where in 1939 he was taken away by his father’s sister - Albina Kozłowska.